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Adults Who Eat Apples, Drink Apple Juice
Have Lower Risk For Metabolic Syndrome
Apple product consumers likely to have lower blood pressure, trimmer waistlines and more nutrient dense diets
SAN DIEGO (April 8, 2008) - Not drinking some apple juice each day? Perhaps you should be. Adults who consume apples, apple juice and applesauce have a significantly reduced risk of metabolic syndrome, a cluster of health problems that are linked to numerous chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
The study results, presented at the international Experimental Biology 2008 meeting on April 8 were derived from an analysis of adult food consumption data collected in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), the government’s largest food consumption and health database.
Dr. Victor Fulgoni analyzed the data, specifically looking at the association between consumption of apples and apple products, nutrient intake and various physiological parameters related to metabolic syndrome. When compared to non-consumers, adult apple product consumers had a 27% decreased likelihood of being diagnosed as having metabolic syndrome.
Fulgoni notes, “We found that adults who eat apples and apple products have smaller waistlines that indicate less abdominal fat, lower blood pressure and a reduced risk for developing what is known as the metabolic syndrome.”
In addition to having 30% lower diastolic blood pressures and a 36% decreased likelihood for elevated systolic blood pressure, apple product consumers also had a 21% reduced risk of increased waist circumference – all predictors of cardiovascular disease and an increased likelihood of metabolic syndrome. Additionally, adult apple product consumers had significantly reduced C-reactive protein levels, another measurable marker related to cardiovascular risk.
Furthermore, apple product consumers’ diets were healthier than non-consumers – they had a greater intake of fruits in general along with key nutrients, including dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, calcium and potassium, relative to non-consumers. These consumers also ate less total fat, saturated fat, discretionary fat and added sugars.
Metabolic syndrome is believed to affect an estimated 36 million Americans. Metabolic syndrome, also known as Syndrome X and insulin resistance syndrome, is defined as having three or more of the associated symptoms, which include elevated blood pressure, increased waist size and abdominal fat, and elevate c-reactive protein levels.